CHAPTER 302
TANZANIA COMMUNICATIONS ACT

[SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION]

INDEX TO SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

   REGULATIONS

      The Tanzania Radiocall Service Regulations

      The Tanzania Telex Regulations

      The Tanzania Telephone (Privately-Owned System) Regulations

      The Tanzania Radiocommunications (Limitation of Radio Interference) Regulations

      The Tanzania Telegraph Regulations

      The Type Approval of Telecommunications and Radiocommunication Equipment Regulations

      The Dispute Resolution Regulations

      The Importation and Distribution of Type Approved Telecommunication and Radiocommunication Equipment Regulations

      The Radiocommunication Regulations

      The Tanzania Postal Regulations

      The Installation and Maintenance of Telecommunications and Radiocommunication Equipment Regulations

      The Tariff Regulations

      The Telecommunication Numbering Regulations

      The Interconnection Regulations

      The Communication Operators (Licensing) Regulations

      The Consumer Protection Regulations

REGULATIONS

THE TANZANIA RADIOCALL SERVICE REGULATIONS

G.N. No. 86 of 1993

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Tanzania Radiocall Service Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

   In these Regulations, except where the context requires otherwise–

   "radiocall service" means a service whereby a privately-owned and operated radiocommunication station may communicate with a radiocommunication station operated by the Corporation for the purpose of sending and receiving telegrams and telephone calls;

   "radio station" means a radiocommunication station licensed under the Tanzania Radiocommunication Regulations for the purpose of the radiocall service;

   "radiocall control station" or "control station" means a radiocommunication station operated by the Corporation for for the purposes of the radiocall service.

3.   Application for service

   (1) The Director-General may designate areas as areas in which radiocall service is available.

   (2) A person wishing to become a subscriber to the radiocall service shall make application in writing in the approved form and shall notify such particulars as the Director-General directs.

4.   Installation of subscriber's apparatus

   (1) The Director-General shall not approve an application by a person to become a subscriber unless the radiocommunication apparatus installed or proposed to be installed is of a type approved by him.

   (2) The cost of providing and installing the radiocommunication apparatus shall be borne by the person who is applying to become a subscriber.

5.   Maintenance and inspection of apparatus

   A subscriber shall at his own expense–

   (a)   maintain the radiocommunication apparatus in a condition satisfactory to the Director-General;

   (b)   make the radiocommunication apparatus available for inspection and testing by the Director-General at such times and places as the Director-General directs.

6.   Purposes for which services may be used

   (1) Subject to these Regulations, a subscriber shall be entitled to transmit messages, and receive messages from a control station.

   (2) Subject to the Tanzania Telegraph Regulations, a subscriber may arrange with the Corporation for telegrams addressed to the call number of his radiocall service station to be telephoned to that station, and may send a message through a control station for onward transmission as a telegram.

   (3) Subject to the Tanzania Telephone Regulations, and to the facility being available a subscriber may be connected through a control station to the telephone system for the purpose of communication with telephone subscribers and persons who may be connected to the telephone system.

7.   Payment of accounts

   (1) Accounts for services rendered in connection with the radiocall service shall be payable to the Corporation on presentation.

   (2) Subscribers shall in every case be responsible for the payment of the charges for all facilities obtained through their radiocall stations and the accounts rendered shall be sufficient evidence of the amount due from subscribers to the Corporation.

8.   Deposits

   (1) The Director-General may at his discretion require a subscriber to pay a deposit in respect of services to be rendered in connection with the radiocall service.

   (2) On determination of the service the Corporation shall, after deducting any charges due, refund the deposit to the subscriber.

9.   Payment of loss of revenue fee

   (1) Upon the approval of the application to operate radiocall, the applicant shall pay loss of revenue fee before the radiocall licence is granted.

   (2) In calculating the loss of revenue fee to be payable by such applicant, the Director-General shall take into account the following factors–

   (a)   availability or non-availability of conventional telephone service;

   (b)   radiocall distance between the stations; and

   (c)   frequency band applied for.

10.   Hours of service

   The hours during which radiocall service may be provided at a control station shall be determined by the Corporation.

11.   Restriction on duration of calls

   The Director-General may restrict the duration of any call made through the radiocall service.

12.   Restriction of control and operations

   The Director-General may in his discretion–

   (a)   specify the control station with which a radiocall station may communicate;

   (b)   change the location of the control station with which a radiocall station may communicate;

   (c)   specify the radio frequencies which may be used for the purpose of providing radiocall service;

   (d)   allot a call number to a subscriber, and from time to time vary that number;

   (e)   at any time withdraw his approval of any type of radiocommunication apparatus and require a subscriber to modify or change the apparatus in use at the subscriber's expense.

13.   Decision of Director-General to be final

   Subject to these Regulations, the decision of the Director-General shall be final in respect of terms, conditions and all matters appertaining to the operation of the radiocall service.

14.   Use of objectionable language prohibited

   A person shall not–

   (a)   while using the radiocall service, use language of an objectionable or offensive nature, or of a character calculated to provoke a breach of the peace; or

   (b)   mischievously use the radiocall service for the purpose of irritating any person, or of conveying a fictitious instruction or message.

15.   Application of Tanzania Radiocommunication Regulations

   The Tanzania Radiocommunication Regulations shall apply to the radiocall service and to any radiocommunication apparatus used in connection with that service.

16.   Revocation

   [Revokes the East African Radio Call Service Regulations *.]

THE TANZANIA TELEX REGULATIONS

G.N. No. 87 of 1993

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Tanzania Telex Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

   In these Regulations, except where the context requires otherwise–

   "call" means the establishment of means of communication for the purpose of the telex service;

   "certified" means certified by the Director-General;

   "inland call" means a call made from a sending station within Tanzania to a receiving station within Tanzania;

   "installation" means a telex line and the teleprinter or other sending and receiving apparatus at the subscriber's premises and the associated equipment which are provided by the Corporation for a subscriber for the purpose of telex service;

   "local call" means a call made between subscribers connected to the same telex exchange;

   "public call office" means an office wherein a teleprinter or other sending or receiving apparatus is available for use by the public upon payment of fee;

   "printergram centre" means a telegraph office operated by the Corporation for the purpose of accepting telegrams by teleprinter from telex subscribers for transmission of means of the public telegraph service;

   "receiving station" in relation to a call, means the teleprinter or other receiving apparatus and the equipment associated therewith to which the call is made;

   "rental" means any charge in respect of an installation which is fixed by an agreement and is payable periodically;

   "sending station" in relation to a call, means the teleprinter or other sending apparatus and the equipment associated therein whereby the call is originated;

   "subscriber" means a person with whom the Corporation makes an agreement for the provision of telex service and includes the personal representatives of a subscriber;

   "subscriber's premises" means a premises in or on which any possession or occupation or under the control of the person who is the subscriber in respect of the installation or of a person for whose use the installation is provided under the agreement with the subscriber;

   "telex line" means a circuit provided as part of an installation for the purpose of enabling a subscriber to communicate with a telex exchange;

   "telex service" means a service whereby written message may be sent directly between the sender and the recipient through the public telex exchange system under the control of the Corporation;

   "trunk call" means a call made between subscribers connected to different telex exchanges.

3.   Provision of telex service

   (1) Every subscriber shall enter into an agreement with the Corporation.

   (2) Telex installation shall not be provided until a connection charge has been paid.

   (3) If an application for telex is cancelled after the connection charge has been paid, the Corporation may retain any or all of the connection charges to cover the cost of any work carried out as a result of the application.

4.   Termination of agreement

   (1) An agreement may be terminated on the expiration of the initial period stipulated therein or at any time thereafter provided in either case that one month's previous notice in writing is given by either party.

   (2) The subscriber shall be liable for rental until the agreement is terminated and the balance of any rental in respect of any further period paid in advance shall be repaid after deducting any charges due for telex services.

5.   Payment of rental and other charges

   (1) Subject to these Regulations all charges in respect of calls originating upon a subscriber's installation, and all other charges and sums payable by a subscriber under these Regulations or under an agreement, shall be payable by the subscriber on demand.

   (2) Any rental payable under an agreement in respect of an installation of a component part shall commence on the date when the installation or the component part is connected for use.

   (3) The subscriber shall be liable for rental until the agreement is terminated and the balance of any rental in respect of any further period paid in advance shall be repaid after deducting any charges due for telex service.

6.   Director-General may require security

   The Director-General may, before or after entering an agreement with a subscriber, require the payment of a deposit of such amount as he thinks necessary by way of security for the payment of the rental or other charges payable or to become payable by the subscriber, or may require the subscriber to furnish security for such payment in such other form and for such amount as the Director-General thinks necessary, and the subscriber shall pay such deposit or furnish such security within such time as the Director-General may direct.

7.   Provision of telex service at discretion of Director-General

   The provision of telex services shall be at the discretion of the Director-General and nothing herein contained shall be construed as compelling the Corporation to enter into an agreement for the provision of telex services.

8.   Measurement of distance

   The Director-General's decision in regard to all measurements or distances and lengths of line shall be final.

9.   Permission of landlord and liability of Corporation

   (1) Subscribers shall be responsible for obtaining all necessary consent from the landlords or the premises where telex apparatus is to be installed.

   (2) It shall be a condition of the provision of telex service that the Corporation or any authorised employee of the Corporation shall not be liable for any damage or loss whether caused through negligence or not, resulting to the subscriber or to any person in his employment and arising out of the provision to the subscriber of telex service.

10.   Installation, maintenance of installations

   (1) Every installation shall at all times remain the property of the Corporation.

   (2) Every subscriber shall permit authorised employees of the Corporation (or, when required by the Director-General so to do, procure permission for them from any other person whose permission is requisite) to enter at all reasonable times upon the subscriber's premises for the purpose of constructing, inspecting, maintaining or altering the installation or any part thereof, or removing the installation as may be in or on the subscriber's premises.

   (3) Every authorised employee of the Corporation who desires to enter upon the subscriber's premises shall have duly authenticated documents showing his identity and authority.

11.   Default by subscriber

   (1) If a subscriber–

   (a)   fails to pay when due any rental charge or sum (including any sum required by way of deposit) payable by him to the Corporation; or

   (b)   becomes insolvent, or makes any composition or arrangement with or assignment for the benefit of his creditors, or suffers execution to be levied on his premises, or being a company, goes into liquidation, whether voluntary or compulsory or has a receiver or property appointed; or

   (c)   fails to observe or perform any of the provisions of these Regulations or an agreement, or any obligation on his part arising thereunder,

the Director-General may, without prejudice to any other rights or remedy of the Corporation–

   (i)   without notice, wholly or in part suspend telex services provided by means of all or any of the subscribers installations; and if he shall think fit so to do disconnect all or any of such installation from the telex exchange; and

   (ii)   in addition or alternatively summarily terminate the subscriber's agreements or any of them by notice in writing to that effect.

   (2) On the determination of any agreement under the provision of this regulation the Corporation may recover from the subscriber forthwith as liquidated damages and not as a penalty in addition to any arrears of rental or other sums due, a sum equal to one third of the quarterly rental or to the balance of the rental to the end of the initial term of the agreement, whichever may be greater.

12.   Power to disconnect

   The Director-General may without notice disconnect any subscriber from an exchange and cause to be removed any apparatus allocated to such subscriber if–

   (a)   the subscriber allows his telex apparatus or line to be wilfully damaged or destroyed, or put to any improper or illegal use;

   (b)   the connection of the telex apparatus or wires have been tampered with or altered without the authority of the Director-General;

   (c)   improper language used by the subscriber or any person using his telex installation to an employee of the Corporation or to any other subscriber; or

   (d)   for any other reason considered by the Director-General sufficient to warrant disconnection of the telex service.

13.   Duration of calls

   (1) The duration of a call for the purpose of these Regulations shall be calculated from the time when the establishment of means of communication begins to the time it ends.

   (2) Calls for a period exceeding three minutes may be allowed at the discretion of the Director-General, but no person shall be entitled as of right to continue a call for a period exceeding three minutes.

14.   General powers

   The services referred to in these Regulations may be provided by the Corporation at such times, during such period, in such circumstances, and by means of such equipment as the Corporation may from time to time consider expedient.

15.   Printergram service

   A telex message may be sent from a sending station within the United Republic to the appropriate Printergram Centre for further transmission to the addressee as a written telegram by means of the public telegram system.

16.   Advise of duration and charge

   The Corporation may supply particulars of the duration of or the charge for a call or of both such duration and charge, on the request of the person who is the subscriber in respect of the sending station or of any other person using that station.

17.   General powers of the Corporation

   Without prejudice to any other power or right of the Corporation, the Director-General may at his discretion–

   (a)   refuse or cease to provide any telex service which would involve or involves the use of any telegraphic line in respect of which there is difficulty in obtaining or maintaining on terms acceptable to the Director-General, any way-leave;

   (b)   disconnect an installation from one telex exchange and connect it with any other telex exchange;

   (c)   make any alteration in an installation;

   (d)   alter the telex number or the answer book code allocated by the Director-General to an installation;

   (e)   use any part or parts of a telex line provide for a subscriber for any additional purpose (including the provision of services to other persons) by any means including the carrying of electric currents over such part or parts of the line at frequencies different from those used for the purpose of that subscriber's telex service.

18.   Subscriber's responsibility

   (1) A subscriber shall–

   (a)   be responsible for the safety of all such parts of the installation as are in or on the subscriber's premises, and on the determination of an agreement by any means the subscriber shall surrender to the Corporation the installation and every part thereof in as good condition as when first provided, fair wear and tear only excepted;

   (b)   pay in respect of the replacement of any such parts of the installation as aforesaid which at any time are lost or destroyed, and the replacement or repair of any such parts which are damaged otherwise than by way of fair wear and tear the certified cost incurred by the corporation in replacing or repairing those parts.

   (2) A subscriber shall not, without written consent of the Director-General–

   (a)   alter or remove any installation or any part thereof, or obliterate or deface any marks, works or numbers thereon;

   (b)   make any attachment to an installation, or place anything in electrical connection therewith;

   (c)   place or use in any manner or position in relation to an installation anything that may in the opinion of the Director-General have a harmful effect on the installation or on its use for the purpose for which it is provided; or

   (d)   place or use anything (unless provided for the purpose by the Corporation) in such a manner or position in relation to an installation that it transmits or enables to be transmitted any message or other communication from or by means of the installation and shall not without such consent permit or suffer any other person so to do.

   (3) A subscriber shall, on being required by the Director-General so to do, forthwith cease to use and remove anything which has been attached, connected, placed or used as mentioned in paragraph (2) of this regulation whether by him or by another person and whether with or without the consent of the Director-General.

19.   Paper and teleprinter ribbons

   (1) The paper and teleprinter ribbons used in any teleprinter comprised in an installation shall be of the quality, kind and size for the time being approved by the Director-General.

   (2) Except during the periods as the Director-General may otherwise permit, a subscriber shall at his own expense at all the times keep properly adjusted in any teleprinter comprised in an installation an adequate supply of paper and teleprinter ribbon in good condition.

20.   Subscriber not to assign agreement

   A subscriber shall not, except with the written consent of the Director-General assign or dispose of his agreement or assign or dispose of any part with any benefit or advantage under it.

21.   Supply of electricity

   (1) If required so to do by the Director-General a subscriber shall provide at his own expense in all respects a continuous supply of the electricity necessary for the operation of the installation or any part thereof and such electricity shall be supplied at such point or points and by means of such wires fitted with such sockets or other means of connection and provided with such connection to earth and with such fusible cut-outs and other protective devices as the Director-General may from time to time require.

   (2) The subscriber shall pay the certified cost incurred by the Corporation of making such alterations to the installation as it considers necessary to conform to any change made otherwise than by the Corporation in the method of applying the electricity to the installation or in the kind of electric current used or to prevent injurious affection to the installation by electric lines or plant erected on the subscriber's premises.

   (3) The subscriber shall leave the electricity supply provided under paragraph (1) continuously connected to the installation except during such periods as the Director-General may otherwise permit.

22.   Telex directories

   (1) Entries in any telex directory published by or on behalf of the Corporation may be made in such terms, form, manner and order as the Director-General thinks fit.

   (2) The telex directory is the copyright of the Corporation and shall not without the Director-General's written permission be reproduced wholly or in part.

23.   Alteration to services

   Subscribers requiring any alteration to their installation or services shall apply in writing in such manner as the Director-General may direct.

24.   Accounting for calls

   The charges to a subscriber for calls, or for any class of calls, may be aggregated and included as a single item in an account rendered to him by the Corporation.

25.   Service of notice

   Any notice, account, statement, direction or other document which may be given, rendered or made by the Corporation under or of any purpose of these Regulations or an agreement shall be deemed to have been duly given, rendered or made and served if left at or sent by registered post to the address at or in connection with which the relevant telex service is required or provided, or to the address stated in the relative agreement as the subscriber's address, or to the subscriber's usual or last-known place of abode or business.

26.   Exemption of the Corporation from liabilities for telex services

   (1) The Corporation shall not incur any liability–

   (a)   by reason of the interruption, whether total or partial, of the telex service;

   (b)   by reason of any delay in the transmission of any telex or by reason of any error in, omission from or non-delivery or misdelivery of any telex; or

   (c)   by reason of the non-transmission, detention or disclosure of any telex in accordance with these Regulations.

   (2) A subscriber shall not be entitled to any abatement of rental in connection with any of the matters under subregulation (1).

27.   Public call offices

   The Corporation may establish public call offices at convenient, locations for use by members of the public.

28.   Consent of Director-General

   Any consent or approval of the Director-General referred to in the Regulations may be given subject to such terms and conditions as the Director-General may think fit.

29.   Revocation

   [Revokes the East African Telex Regulations *.]

THE TANZANIA TELEPHONE (PRIVATELY-OWNED SYSTEM) REGULATIONS

G.N. No. 88 of 1993

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Tanzania Telephone (Privately-Owned System) Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

   In these regulations, except where the context otherwise requires–

   "external electric supply line" means any line for the transmission of electricity for the purposes of the supply of light, heat, or power, where such line is outside any building;

   "licence" means a valid licence to construct, maintain and operate a privately-owned system;

   "non-crossing system" means privately-owned system, no telephone line of which crosses any public road, or any railway, or any telephone line other than a telephone line of such system, or any telegraph line or any external electrical supply line;

   "physical system" means any privately-owned system no part of which consists of, or is connected with, any radiocommunication apparatus;

   "privately-owned system" means any telephone apparatus constructed, maintained, operated and owned by any person for the purpose of his private business affairs;

   "public road" means any road to which the public has a right of access or which is habitually used by members of the public.

3.   Licence to construct and operate system

   (1) Subject to section 59(6) of the Act and this Regulation, every person desiring to construct, maintain and operate a privately-owned system shall apply in writing to the Director-General for a licence; and no person shall commence the construction of any such operation until the licence in respect thereof has been granted.

   (2) Every application for a licence shall have attached full and detailed plans and specifications of the privately-owned system in respect of which the application is made and there shall be forwarded therewith the reasons for such construction and the appropriate fee.

   (3) Every application for such a licence shall, within 15 days of a request in writing therefor, supply in writing to the Director-General such information in relation to the privately system for which the application is made as the Director-General may in such request require.

   (4) The Director-General may in his discretion, grant or refuse such application and he may grant it subject to such conditions as may be specified in the licence:

   Provided that if the Director-General refuses the application he shall return to the applicant the fee forwarded with the application.

   (5) It shall be a condition of every licence that an authorised officer may, at all reasonable times, enter any property on which a privately-owned system is constructed, maintained and operated and inspect such system.

   (6) Every licence shall be in the form set out in the Schedule to these Regulations and shall expire on 31st December in each year; and such licence may, subject to regulation 6, be renewed on payment of the appropriate fee.

4.   Exempting licence system from provisions of section 59(1) of the Act

   (1) Subject to conditions specified in paragraph (2) of this regulation, there shall be exempt from the provisions of section 59(1) of the Act any privately-owned system which has been licensed under these Regulations:

   Provided that no licence for privately-owned system shall be issued unless the Director-General is satisfied that–

   (a)   the system is confined entirely within the boundaries of a property occupied by the owner of such system; and

   (b)   it is a non-crossing system; and

   (c)   it is a physical system.

   (2) The conditions referred to in paragraph (1) of this regulation are–

   (a)   that before constructing any such privately-owned system the owner thereof shall give notice in writing to the Director-General of such proposed construction, specifying the property on which such system is to be constructed, stating the reasons for such construction and giving a general outline of the type and layout of such system;

   (b)   that the owner of such system shall within 30 days of a request in writing supply in writing to the Director-General, such information in relation to the system as the Director-General may in the request require;

   (c)   that an authorised officer may at all reasonable times enter such property and inspect such system;

   (d)   that such system shall not interfere in any way with the telephone services provided by the Corporation.

   (3) Where there is any contravention of any condition specified in paragraph (2) of this regulation the Director-General may, by notice in writing to the owner of such privately-owned system inform such owner that such system shall, as from such date as may be specified in the notice, cease to be exempt from the provisions of section 59(1) of the Act.

   (4) Where any privately-owned system which complies with the requirements of subparagraphs (a), (b) and (c) of paragraph (1) of this Regulation has been constructed, maintained and operated before the commencement of these Regulations, then such system shall be exempt from the provisions of subsection (1) of section 59 of the Act, subject, however, to compliance with the provisions of subparagraphs (b), (c) and (d) of paragraph (2) of this regulation and to the provision of paragraph (3) of this regulation.

5.   Corporation not obliged to obtain permission or way-leave

   Where a licence has been granted the Corporation shall not be responsible in any way for obtaining way-leave, permission or easement necessary for the construction, maintenance and operation of the privately-owned system, nor shall the Corporation be responsible in any way for any damage resulting to any person from the construction, maintenance and operation of such system.

6.   Revocation or refusal of renewal

   (1) The Director-General may at any time, by notice in writing to the holder of the licence, revoke such licence, as from a date to be specified in such notice, and the Director-General may refuse to renew any licence.

   (2) Where the Director-General has revoked or has refused to renew any licence, then the owner of the privately-owned system shall within 30 days of the date on which the licence is revoked or expired as the case may be, dismantle such system, and if he fails to do so he shall be deemed to be maintaining and operating such system.

7.   Alteration to be preceded by notice

   Where the holder of a licence proposes to effect any alteration, other than normal maintenance repairs, to the privately-owned system referred to in such licence he shall, before effecting such alteration give 30 days, notice thereof to the Director-General and if, within such period of 30 days the Director-General objects to such alteration, such holder shall not effect such alteration or shall effect it only in accordance with such conditions as the Director-General may determine.

8.   Omitted

   [Omitted.]

9.   Application of a licence

   Where any privately-owned system, other than one to which regulation 3 applies, has been constructed, maintained and operated before the commencement of these Regulations, then the owner thereof shall within 30 days of such commencement apply in writing to the Director-General for a licence, and the provisions of this regulation other than those of paragraph (1) thereof, shall apply in such a case:

   Provided that pending the determination of any such application the owner of such system shall be deemed to be the holder of a licence in respect thereof.

10.   Revocation

   [Revokes the East African Telephone (Privately-Owned System) Regulations *.]

SCHEDULE
LICENCE TO OPERATE PRIVATELY-OWNED SYSTEM

(Regulation 3(6))

   The Director-General hereby grants to ...........................................................................
(hereinafter called "the licensee") of ...................................................................................
....................................................... a licence to construct, maintain and operate a privately-
owned system between ......................... and ......................... in accordance with the specifications and plans, as approved with amendment, if any, by the Director-General, forwarded with the application dated ................................. of the licensee subject to the conditions set out in the Act and in the Tanzania Telephones (Privately-Owned System) Regulations and subject to the following conditions–

.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................

This licence expires on the 31st day of December, in the year in which it is granted but may, subject to regulation 6 of the Tanzania Telephones (Privately-Owned System) Regulations, be renewed for a period of one year, ending on the 31st day of December in the year of renewal, on payment of the appropriate fee specified in such Regulations.

THE TANZANIA RADIOCOMMUNICATIONS (LIMITATION OF RADIO INTERFERENCE) REGULATIONS

G.N. No. 89 of 1993

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Tanzania Radiocommunications (Limitation of Radio Interference) Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

   In these Regulations–

   "applied voltage" in relation to any measuring apparatus used for the purpose of these Regulations means the voltage applied to the input terminals of the measuring apparatus;

   "decibel" expresses the logarithmic ratio or two voltages or electromotive forces. The ratio of two voltages V1"> and V2"> expressed in decibels is 20 times the logarithm to the base 10;

   "directly connected" means conductively connected and does not include inductive or capacitive coupling;

   "electric supply-line terminals" in relation to any generating apparatus means the terminals which are designed to connect the generating apparatus with electric supply-lines either by a permanent or by a non-permanent connection, being in the former case terminals mounted in or the generating apparatus and in the latter case the terminals at the point of the non-permanent connection;

   "generating apparatus" means–

   (a)   all apparatus generating or designed to generate fortuitously electromagnetic waves by–

      (i)   converting electrical energy into mechanical light or heat energy; or

      (ii)   converting mechanical light or heat into electrical energy; or

      (iii)   converting, generating, regulating, transforming or controlling electric or electromagnetic energy;

   (b)   switch gear which forms part of, or is directly associated with, the generating apparatus for the purpose of its operations;

   "field strength calibration constant" means the number of decimals that must be added to the reading of any measuring apparatus used for the purpose of these Regulations, when a measurement of field strength is made as prescribed by these Regulations, to give a value of field strength in decimals above one microvolt per metre;

   "ignition apparatus" means equipment assembled for the purpose of providing and conveying electrical energy for igniting gas or vapour in an internal combustion engine;

   "image frequency" means the frequency not being the tuned frequency, which combines with the fundamental frequency of the heating oscillator to produce the intermediate frequency;

   "industrial, scientific or medical generating apparatus" means apparatus for generating electromagnetic waves for the intentional use of such energy for industrial, scientific or medical purposes, as the case may be;

   "intermediate frequency" means the mid-frequency of the band of frequencies for which the intermediate frequency amplifier of any measuring apparatus used for the purpose of these Regulations is tuned to accept the voltage applied to it;

   "radio interference" means the confusion of a desired radio signal by the effects of generating apparatus;

   "radio receiver" means an apparatus for the intentional reception of electromagnetic radiation of a required frequency or required band of frequencies;

   "reference deflection" means the deflection of the needle of the indicating meter of a valve-voltmeter used for the purposes of these Regulations to a mark at the middle of the scale of the metre;

   "suppression" means the fitting of one or more suppressor to an ignition apparatus, industrial, scientific and medical generating apparatus, or other generating apparatus including generating apparatus intended for lighting or heating;

   "suppressor" means a piece of equipment designed to reduce the amount of energy that may be transmitted, either by electromagnetic radiation or by direct connection into electric supply-lines, by generating apparatus;

   "terminal voltage calibration constant" means the number of decimals that must be added to the reading of any measuring apparatus used for the purpose of these Regulations when a measurement of field-strength is made as prescribed by these regulations, to give the terminal voltage in decimals above one microvolt;

   "tuned frequency" means the mid-frequency of the band of frequencies for which any measuring apparatus used for the purpose of these Regulations is tuned to accept the applied voltage;

   "voltage or electromotive force" of a sinewave shall be construed as a reference to its effective or root mean square value.

3.   Maximum amounts of energy

   In these Regulations maximum limits are specified for the amount of energy that may be transmitted, either by electromagnetic radiation or by direct connection into electric supply lines, by various types of generating apparatus.

Voltage and Field Strength Measurement (reg 4)

4.   Voltage and field strength

   (1) For the purpose of measuring and computing voltage and, additionally or alternatively, the field strength of electromagnetic energy at any frequency between 40 and 225MHz, the generating apparatus or electric supply-line shall be tested by means of measuring apparatus of the descriptions and having the physical and electrical characteristics and performance set out in the First Schedule.

   (2) The tests for voltage shall be made by the method and under the conditions set out in the Second Schedule and the tests for field strength shall be made by the method and under the conditions set out in the Third Schedule.

   (3) The said voltage and field-strength shall be computed as provided in the Second or Third Schedule as the case may be from the readings, afforded by the measuring apparatus while the generating apparatus or electric supply-line is operating.

Required Limitation of Radio Interference (regs 5-6)

5.   Limitation of interference

   (1) Ignition apparatus shall be so designed, constructed, assembled and installed, and if necessary to meet this requirement, suppressed, as to ensure that the field-strength, as measured and computed in accordance with the First and Third Schedules, of the electromagnetic energy radiated at any frequency in any direction from the apparatus when it is used does not exceed 50 microvolts per metre at any distance of not less than ten metre measures as specified in paragraph 2(1) of the Third Schedule.

   (2) Industrial, scientific or medical generating apparatus shall be so designed, constructed, assembled and installed and, if necessary to meet this requirement, suppressed, as to ensure that the field-strength as measured and computed in accordance with the First and Third Schedules of the electromagnetic energy radiated at any frequency in any direction from the apparatus when it is used does not exceed 30 microvolts per metre at the distance of not less than 40 metres measured as specified in paragraph 2(1) of the Third Schedule.

   (3) Radio receivers shall be so designed, constructed, assembled and installed as to ensure that the field-strength as measured and computed in accordance with the First and Third Schedules of the electromagnetic energy radiated in any direction shall not exceed the following limits at any distance of less than 30 metres measured as specified in paragraph 2(1) of the Third Schedule–

   (a)   between 40 and 68 MHz. 15 microvolts per metre;

   (b)   between 60 and 87.5 MHz. 150 microvolts per metre;

   (c)   between 87.5 and 100 MHz. 30 microvolts per metre, 50 microvolts per metre for a television radio receiver at the fundamental frequency of the oscillator only;

   (d)   between 100 and 174 MHz. 150 microvolts per metre;

   (e)   between 174 and 225 MHz. 30 microvolts per metre.

   (4) Generating apparatus (not separately specified) including apparatus intended for lighting and heating, connected to electric supply-lines shall be so designed, constructed, assembled and installed, and if necessary to meet these requirements, suppressed, as to ensure that–

   (a)   the voltage of electromagnetic energy at the electric supply line terminals of the generator, as measured and computed in accordance with the First and Second Schedules, shall not exceed 500 microvolts where the measurement is made at any frequency between 40 and 225 Mhz;

   (b)   the field-strength of the electromagnetic energy as measured and computed in accordance with the First and Third Schedules, radiated at any frequency between 40 and 225 MHz in any direction from the apparatus when it is used does not exceed 50 microvolts per metre at any distance of not less than 10 metres measured as specified in paragraph 2(1) of the Third Schedule.

   (5) Generating apparatus not separately specified, including intended for lighting heating not connected to electric supply-lines shall be so designed, constructed assembled and installed, and if necessary to meet these requirements, suppressed as to ensure that the field-strength, as measured and computed in accordance with the First and Third Schedule as the electromagnetic energy, remitted at any frequency between 40 and 225 MHz in any direction from the apparatus when it is used does not exceed 50 microvolts per metre at any distance of not less than ten metres measured as specified in paragraph 2(1) of the Third Schedule.

   (6) Electric supply-lines having a voltage between conductors exceeding 500 volts but not exceeding 70,000 volts shall be so designed, constructed, assembled and installed that, when the electric supply-line is used, the field-strength as measured and computed in accordance with first and Third Schedules of the electromagnetic energy radiated at any frequency between 40 and 225 MHz in any direction from the electric supply-line does not exceed 100 microvolts per metre at any distance of not less than 100 metres measured as specified in paragraph 2(1) of the Third Schedule.

6.   Revocation

   [Revokes the East African Radiocommunications (Limitation of Radio Interference) Regulations *.]

FIRST SCHEDULE
DESCRIPTION AND SPECIFICATION OF CHARACTERISTICS AND PERFORMANCE

(Regulation 4(1))

General Description:

   1. (1) The measuring apparatus shall be a calibrated radio receiver, designed for the measurement of radio frequency noise. For its later purpose, the input terminal of the receiver shall be connected to a dipole aerial by a balanced, screen feeder. The receiver shall be of the superheterodyne type and comprise a radio-frequency amplifier and an output voltmeter. Attenuators, calibrated in decibels, shall be provided in the input circuits of the radio frequency amplifier. The indicating meter of the voltmeter shall have a scale provided with zero and full-scale marks and a reference deflection mark at mid-scale. The measuring apparatus shall be calibrated in terms of a known sinewave voltage at its input terminals and in terms of an intensity of a continuous wave field in which the associated aerial system in placed. Facilities shall be provided so that, whenever a measurement is to be made, the gain of the receiver of measuring apparatus may be set to the gain used when it was calibrated.

   (2) For the purpose of terminal voltage tests, resistive network shall be provided, one for the connection between each electric supply-line terminal (other than that to which the measuring apparatus is to be connected) and earth via an isolating condenser. An isolating condenser shall also be provided for connection between the measuring apparatus and the electric supply-line terminal to be tested. Each resistive network shall have a resistance of 75 ohms (+15 ohms) and a phase angle not exceeding 30 degrees. Each isolating condenser shall have an impedance of less than 5 ohms at the frequencies at which the measurement are to be made. An unbalance/balance transformer may be inserted in the connection between the appropriate isolating condenser and the measuring apparatus and if so, any loss caused by it shall be included in the calibration of the measuring apparatus.

   (3) For the purpose of terminal voltage tests, reactors having an impedance of not less than 500 ohms at the frequency at which the measurements are to be made shall be provided for insertion between the election supply-line terminals of the generating apparatus and the electric supply-line. Filters may be inserted between the reactors and the supply-line if required for reducing noise voltages present on the electric supply-line.

   2. (1) The receiver shall be capable of being set to an accuracy of +1 percent, to receive any frequency within its range.

   (2) At any frequency within the range of the measuring apparatus, values of sinewave voltage greater than 20 microvolts shall be measurable to an accuracy of +1 decibel.

   (3) Value of field-strength greater that 20 microvolts per metre, at any frequency within the range of the measuring apparatus, shall be measurable to an accuracy of +3 decibels.

   (4) The attenuators shall be so constructed and disposed that no performance characteristic of the set, apart from gain, is significantly affected by variations in their settings.

   (5) With the measuring apparatus adjusted to give reference deflection of the meter for an applied sinewave voltage of any value between 20 microvolts and 100 millivolts, the sinewave voltage measured at the input of the valve-voltmeter shall be proportional to the applied voltage within +1 decibel up to a voltage of 40 decibels above that producing reference deflection.

   (6) The variation with frequency of an applied sinewave voltage to produce a constant voltage at the input to the valve-voltmeter, when no alteration is made to the running of the measuring apparatus, shall not exceed the limits of the marked area of figure 1.

   (7) The increase of an applied sinewave voltage needed to produce a constant voltage at the control grid of the frequency charges valve shall not be less than 6 decibels when the frequency of the applied voltage is varied from the tuned frequency by +2.5 MHz.

   (8)   The applied sinewave voltage of the tuned frequency which produces reference deflection of the meter shall be at least 80 decibels lower than the applied voltage at any other frequency which combines with a harmonic and not the fundamental frequency of the local oscillator to produce reference deflection.

   (9)   The ratio of the applied sinewave voltage which produces reference deflection at the intermediate frequency and at the tuned frequency respectively shall be at least 40 decibels.

   (10) The ratio of the applied sinewave voltage which produces reference deflection at the intermediate frequency and at the tuned frequency respectively shall be at least 40 decibels.

   (11) The overall screening shall be such that, with the receiver tuned to any frequency within its range and the gain of the receiver adjusted to that used for the frequency when the measuring apparatus was calibrated, the change in the intermediate frequency attenuator setting required to return the meter to reference deflection when an external electromagnetic field of that frequency and of a strength of 86 decibels above 1 microvolt per metre is switched on shall not exceed 1 decibel. This requirement shall be met for all orientations of the measuring apparatus. For this test, screening covers may be placed over the input terminals.

Input Circuits:

   3. The impedance at the input terminals of the measuring apparatus shall be balanced and shall have a value of 75 ohms (+15 ohms) and a phase angle within the limits +20 degrees at any frequency within the range of the measuring apparatus.

Aerial and Feeder:

   4. (1) The aerial shall consist of a dipole of length not greater than 1 of less than 2 metres, shall be supported so that its centre is not less than 2 metres above the base of the support when a measurement of field-strength is made.

   (2) The aerial shall not be connected to the aerial input terminals of the measuring apparatus by a twin-balanced and screened feeder or a nominal characteristics impedance of 75 ohms. The feeder shall be led at right angles from the dipole for a distance of a least 1 metre.

   (3) The balance/unbalance ratio at the aerial end of the feeder shall not be less than 20 decibels when measured as follows–

   A generator of internal impedance R, where R is not greater than 5 ohms shall be connected to the feeder and measuring apparatus as shown in figure 2(a) and as shown in figure 2(b) in turn. The ratio ½ for the generator electromotive forces which produce reference deflection of the meter in the unbalanced connection (e1 figure 2(a)) and the balanced connection (e2 figure 2(b)) respectively shall be taken as the balance/unbalance ratio.

Output Circuit (valve voltmeter):

   5. (1) The performance of the rectifier end of any associated circuits of the valve-voltmeter shall be such that the current through the indicating meter is nearly related to the sinewave voltage input to the rectifier within +10 percent of that voltage, for all value of input voltage from 0.5 to 2.0 times the value producing reference deflection.

   The application to the input of the rectifier of the sinewave voltage which produces reference deflection shall cause an increase of 1.75 volts (+10 percent) in the steady voltage across the rectifier load.

   The increase in the sinewave voltage at the input of the rectifier to increase the meter reading from reference deflection to full scale deflection shall not be less than 5.5 or more than 6.5 decibels.

   (2) A sinusoidal voltage of frequency equal to the intermediate frequency, which when continuously applied to the input terminals of the intermediate frequency amplifier produces deflection, shall when suddenly applied at the same point, cause the change of voltage across the output circuit of the rectifier to reach 0.63 times the final value of the change of voltage in not less than 0.8 or more than 1.2 milliseconds. In this test, the input terminal of the intermediate frequency amplifier shall be disconnected from the preceding circuits of the measuring apparatus.

   (3) The time taken for the current in the meter circuit to decrease by 0.63 times its initial value after an applied voltage as specified in subparagraph (2) is suddenly removed shall not be less than 450 or more than 550 milliseconds.

   (4) The indicating meter shall be of the permanent magnet moving-coil type in which the deflection of the needle is directly proportional to the current passing through the meter. Under the conditions of use of the measuring apparatus the damping of the meter shall be such that,when a current of value which produces a final steady full-scale deflection is suddenly applied to the meter, the time of rise to 80 percent of the full-scale deflection is not less than 240 or more than 360 milliseconds and the overseeing is less than 5 percent of the full-scale deflection.

General Requirements:

   6. (1) The accuracy of adjustment of the measuring apparatus shall be such that two successive measurements of any given input voltage (having a value within the range of measurements of the apparatus) between which any adjustment of the operating controls may be made, shall not differ by more than 1 decibel.

   (2) Provision shall be made for the aural presentation of the receiver output for monitoring purposes.

SECOND SCHEDULE
METHOD AND CONDITIONS OF MEASURING TERMINAL VOLTAGE GENERALLY

(Regulation 4(2))

   1. The generating apparatus under test shall, so far as is consistent with the following paragraphs of this Schedule, be tested under its normal conditions of installation and use. Where it is normally incorporated in any apparatus, appliance or machine, it shall be tested as so incorporated.

Connection of Generating Apparatus to Electric Supply-Lines:

   2. The electric supply-line terminals of the generating apparatus under test shall be connected with the resistive networks mentioned in paragraph 1(2) of the First Schedule and through the reactors (and, if required, the filters) mentioned in paragraph 1(3), of the First Schedule, with the electric supply-lines to which the generating apparatus is connected in normal use. The leads between the electric supply-line terminals and the reactor shall be as short as is practicable and unscreened. The layout and wiring of the generating apparatus shall not be altered more than is necessary to comply with this Schedule.

Primary Adjustment of Measuring Apparatus:

   3. The receiver of the measuring apparatus shall be connected with an appropriate source of electricity supply and the attenuators shall be set at maximum loss, and the zero control of the valve-voltmeter shall be adjusted to bring the tune to the frequency, as indicated by the main tuning-dial calibrations, at which it is desired to test, and its gain shall be set to that use when measuring apparatus was calibrated.

Input Connection of Measuring Apparatus:

   4. (1) One of the receiver input terminals of the measuring apparatus shall be connected with one of the electric supply-line terminals of the generating apparatus, and the other receiver input terminals shall be connected to earth, the other electric supply line terminals of the generating apparatus shall be connected to earth, through the 75 ohms resistive networks mentioned in paragraph 1(2) of the First Schedule.

   (2) The shortest practicable length of unscreened connecting lead shall be used.

Making the Measurement:

   5. (1) The radio-frequency amplifier of the receiver shall be trimmed to give maximum deflection of the meter needle.

   (2) The attenuators shall then be adjusted to bring the meter needle to the reference deflection mark, the radio-frequency attenuator being adjusted so that the intermediate frequency attenuator is set to the lowest possible value in excess of 10 decibels.

Interpretation of Results:

   6. The voltage between the electric supply-line terminal of the generating apparatus with which the receiver is connected and earth, expressed in decibels above 1 microvolt, will be given by the sum of–

   (a)   the reading of the attenuators;

   (b)   the calibration constant, if any appropriate to the frequency at which the measurement is being made; and

   (c)   the reading of the meter, if calibrated in decibels.

   If the result obtained is decibels 0 height="19" 0.260417/>.

Tests:

   7. (1) A set of tests shall be made in each case, as follows–

   (a)   a check test which the generating apparatus in not operating;

   (b)   a main test which shall include readings taken while the generating apparatus is operating and at times when the switchgear (if any) of the generating apparatus is bringing the generating apparatus into and out of operation and when the controlling apparatus (if any) of the generating apparatus is operating;

   (c)   a further check test as mentioned in subparagraph (a): This set of tests shall be made first with the receiver connected with one of the electric supply-line terminals of the generating apparatus and shall be repeated with the receiver connected with the other (or each of the others of such terminals).

   (2) If a click (as opposed to a buzz of appreciable duration) is heard in the monitoring loud-speaker or earphones at any time when the switchgear or controlling apparatus of the generating apparatus is operating, then provided than not more than one further click is heard during a period of two seconds immediately following the first, the readings of the measuring apparatus appearing within those two seconds shall be disregarded for the purpose of these Regulations.

   (3) If the maximum reading obtained on any main test exceeds the maximum reading obtained on either of the check tests made before or next after the main test by at least 10 decibels; the readings obtained on that main test are to be regarded as not materially affected by extraneous noise or signals. Otherwise the readings obtained on that main test are to be regarded as materially affected by extraneous noise or signals, and the results of that main test shall be disregarded for the purpose of these Regulations.

THIRD SCHEDULE
METHOD AND CONDITIONS OF MEASURING FIELD STRENGTH GENERAL

(Regulation 4(2))

(A) IGNITION APPARATUS

   1. Where ignition apparatus is being tested it shall be tested as installed in the engine. If the engine is to form part of a vehicle or vessel which is to be used, sold or let on hire by the assembler or importer the test shall be made with the engine installed in the vehicle or vessel.

   2. All electric apparatus (other than the generating apparatus or electric supply-line under test and apparatus, appliance, or machine in which it is incorporated) which is installed in proximity to the generating apparatus or electric supply-line and which in operation could appreciably affect the result of the test, shall be switched off or otherwise prevented from being energised by complete or partial electrical disconnection.

   3. Where the apparatus under test is part of an engine, the engine shall be rapidly accelerated from adding speed during the cause of the test.

(B) GENERATING APPARATUS OTHER THAN IGNITION APPARATUS

   1. The generating apparatus or electric supply-line under test shall, so far as is consistent with the following paragraphs of this Schedule, be tested under its normal conditions of installation and use. Where it is normally incorporated in any apparatus, appliance or machine, it shall be tested as so incorporated.

   2. Save in the case of generating apparatus which is not connected or designed to be connected, to electric supply-line, terminals of the generating apparatus under test shall be connected with the resistive network mentioned in paragraph 1(2) of the First Schedule and, through the reactors (and, if required), the filters mentioned in paragraph 1(3) of the First Schedule to the electric supply-lines to which the generating apparatus is the connected in formal use. The leads between the electric supply-line terminals and the generating apparatus shall not be altered more than in necessary to comply with this Schedule.

   3. All electric apparatus (other than the generating apparatus or electric supply-line under test and any apparatus, appliance, or machine in which it is incorporated) which is installed in proximity to the generating apparatus or electric supply-line and which in generating could appreciably affect the result of the test, shall be switched off or otherwise prevented from being energised by complete or partial electrical disconnection.

DISTANCE OF SERIAL

   1. The distance between the serial of the measuring apparatus and the generating apparatus under test shall be measured as a direct line from the centre point of the serial to the nearest point of the generating apparatus under test.

   2. The distance between the serial and any electrical conductor, other than an electrical supply-line under test or electrical supply-line connected to generating apparatus under test, shall not be less than 10 metres.

PRELIMINARY ADJUSTMENT OF MEASURING APPARATUS

   3. The receiver of the measuring apparatus shall be connected with an appropriate source of electric supply, the attenuators shall be set at maximum loss, and the zero control of the valvemeter to the zero mark. The receiver shall be tuned to the frequency as indicated by the main tuning-dial calibrations, at which it is desired to test, and its gain shall be set to that used when the measuring apparatus was calibrated.

INPUT CONNECTION OF MEASURING APPARATUS

   4. The receiver shall be connected to the serial and the feeder mentioned in paragraph 4 of the First Schedule.

MAKING THE MEASUREMENT

   5. (1) The radio-frequency amplifier tuning of the receiver shall be trimmed to give maximum deflection of the meter needle.

   (2) The attenuators shall then be adjusted to bring the meter needle to the reference deflection mark, the radio frequency attenuator being adjusted so that the intermediate frequency attenuator is set to the lowest possible value in excess of 10 decibels.

INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

   6. The field-strength expressed in decibels above 1 microvolt per metre will be given by the sum of–

   (a)   the readings of the attenuator;

   (b)   the field-strength calibration constant (if any) appropriate to the frequency at which the measurement is being made; and

   (c)   the reading of the meter, if calibrated in decibels.

   If the result obtained is x decibels 0 height="19" 0.260417/>.

TESTS

   7. (1) A set of tests shall be made in each case, as follows–

   (a)   a check test made while the generating apparatus or power line is not operating;

   (b)   a main test which shall include readings taken while the generating apparatus or electric supply line is operating and at time when the switchgear (if any) of the generating apparatus is bringing the generating apparatus into and out of operation and when the controlling apparatus (if any) of the generating apparatus or electric supply-line is operating; and

   (c)   a further check test as mentioned in subparagraph (a).

   (2) If a click (as opposed to a buzz of appreciable duration) is heard in the monitoring loudspeaker or earphones at any time when the switchgear of controlling apparatus of the generating apparatus is operating, then provided that not more than one further click is heard during the period of two seconds immediately following the first, the readings of the measuring apparatus appearing within that period of two seconds shall be disregarded for the purpose of these Regulations.

   (3) If the maximum reading obtained on any main test exceeds the maximum reading obtained on either of the check tests made next before or next after the main test by at least 10 decibels, the reading obtained on that main test are to be regarded as not materially effected by extraneous noise of signals. Otherwise the readings obtained on that main test are to be regarded as materially affected by extraneous noise or signals and the results of that main test shall be disregarded for the purpose of these Regulations.

FOURTH SCHEDULE

[Omitted.]

THE TANZANIA TELEGRAPH REGULATIONS

G.N. No. 90 of 1993

PART I
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS (regs 1-2)

1.   Citation

   These Regulations may be cited as the Tanzania Telegraph Regulations.

2.   Interpretation

   In these regulations, except where the context requires otherwise–

   "address" means the part of a telegram which consists of the name and address of the addressee;

   "admissible language" means Afrikaans, Arabic, Esperanto, Hebrew, Hindi, Japanese, Kiswahili, Latin, Malagasy, Malay, Urdu, and modern European language, or an African language used by any of the indigenous tribes or groups in the United Republic;

   "certified copy" in relation to a telegram means a copy of telegram certified by an authorised officer as being a true copy of the original telegram tendered for transmission by sender;

   "Commonwealth Social Telegram" means an outward foreign telegram transmitted within the Commonwealth and consisting solely of greetings, family news, or matter relating to non-commercial personal affairs, and accepted as such at a reduced rate of charge on condition that it may be deferred in transmission and delivery in the same manner as a foreign letter telegram;

   "cypher language" means secret language formed of groups of series of arabic numerals having a secret meaning;

   "delivery area" means in relation to any terminal office, an area within which delivery of a telegram is made from such office;

   "foreign letter telegram" means an outward foreign telegram accepted as such at a reduced rate of charge on condition that it may be transmitted and delivered partly by means other than the telegraph services;

   "foreign telegram" means a telegram which–

   (a)   originated in the United Republic for transmission to addressee outside; or

   (b)   originated outside the United Republic for transmission to an addressee within the United Republic;

   "inland telegram" means a telegram which is tendered by a sender in the United Republic for transmission to an addressee in the United Republic;

   "newspaper" means a news agency broadcasting organisation, and any periodic publication which the Director-General may recognise as a newspaper for the purpose of these Regulations;

   "outward foreign telegram" means a foreign telegram which originates in the United Republic for transmission to an addressee outside the United Republic;

   "paid service indication" means a word, letter or group of letters, inserted at a selected part of a telegram to indicate to the terminal office the supplementary service, if any, which is being used in connection with the telegram;

   "paid service telegram" means a telegram sent in a form approved by the Director-General and requesting information from or containing instructions to a telegraph office;

   "plain language" means language consisting of words, figures or letters combined into sentences or phrases conveying an intelligible meaning in one or more of the admissible languages, each word and each expression having the meaning normally assigned to it in the language which it belongs, and the following shall be deemed to be plain language for the purpose of this definition–

   (a)   numbers written in letters or figures and groups composed either of letters or figures where such numbers of groups have no secret meaning;

   (b)   arbitrary or abbreviated addresses;

   (c)   commercial marks, trade marks, designation of goods, arbitrary technical terms used to denote machines or parts of machines, reference numbers or indications, and other expressions of the same kind, where such marks, designations, technical terms reference numbers, indications, and other expressions are shown in a catalogue available to the public, or in a price list, invoice, bill of lading or similar documents, and whether such marks, designations, technical terms, reference numbers, indications or expressions are composed of letters, figures or signs;

   (d)   exchange or market quotations;

   (e)   groups representing meteorological observations and forecasts:

         Provided that such groups shall be deemed to be plain language only in the case of foreign telegrams;

   (f)   abbreviated expressions in common used in ordinary or commercial correspondence such as f.o.b., c.i.f., or any similar expression, the admissibility of which shall be determined by the Director-General;

   (g)   single check word or check number placed at the beginning of the text and not exceeding five letters or five figures in length;

   "plain language telegram" means a telegram of which the text is wholly in plain language;

   "press correspondent" means a person authorised by the Director-General under these Regulations to send press telegrams;

   "press telegram" means a telegram which is transmitted or intended for transmission to the offices of a newspaper and of which the text consists exclusively of information, comment, report and narratives, on subjects of public interest for the time being intended for publication in a newspaper with or without a telegram originating in or part of its course through a radiocommunication station;

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