THE ANIMAL DISEASES ACT
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
1. Short title.
3. Power to vary definition of disease.
4. Appointment of Inspectors.
MEASURES FOR CHECKING DISEASE
5. Diseased animals to be separated.
6. Duty to report disease or death of animal in certain cases.
7. Procedure on notification of disease.
8. Administrative Officer to notify owners of stock of outbreak.
9. Slaughter of affected animals.
10. Disposal of carcasses of slaughtered animals.
11. Illegal use of veterinary department brands.
POWERS OF OFFICERS
12. Disposal of carcasses, etc., of diseased animals.
13. Power of examination, inoculation, disinfection, etc.
14. Power to carry out tests.
15. Power to prohibit exhibitions, restrict slaughter, etc.
16. Power to enter and examine.
17. Power to inspect.
18. Power to carry out requirements.
19. Compensation to be paid for slaughter.
20. Cases where compensation may be withheld.
21. Declaration of infected areas.
22. Restrictions applicable in infected areas.
23. Negligently allowing escape from infected areas.
COMPULSORY DIPPING AREAS
24. Declaration of compulsory dipping areas.
25. Regulations for compulsory dipping areas.
27. Application for loan.
28. Particulars to be submitted to the Registrar.
29. Assignment of property charged.
30. Remedies in case of default.
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS AND PENALTIES
32. No action to lie for act done under authority in good faith.
33. Detention and arrest.
35. Award of part of fine to informers.
36. Report by Veterinary Officer to be evidence.
37. Burden of proof.
THE ANIMAL DISEASES ACT
An Act relating to diseases of animals.
[1st August, 1940]
22 of 1939
9 of 1940
6 of 1952
30 of 1959
41 of 1969
PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS (ss 1-4)
This Act may be cited as the Animal Diseases Act.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires–
"animals" means cattle, sheep, goats, and all other ruminating domestic animals, or birds, horses, mules, asses, swine, dogs, cats, monkeys, rabbits, captive wild mammals and ostriches; poultry, comprising domestic fowls, ducks, geese, pigeons, guinea-fowls and turkeys, parrots and any other animal or words which the Minister may, by order, declare to be included in this definition;
"Assistant Livestock Officer" means a person so appointed by the Minister;
"carcass" means the meat, bones, hide, skin, hoofs, horns, wool, offal or other part of an animal;
"cat" includes any animal of the feline species;
"cattle" means bulls, cows, oxen, heifers and calves;
"Director" means the person appointed by the President for the purpose of exercising the powers and performing the duties of the Director under the provisions of this Act;
"disease" means anthrax, blackquarter, cattle plague (rinderpest), contagious bovine pleura-pneumonia, contagious pleura-pneumonia of goats, dourine, east coast fever, epizootic lymphangitis, foot-and-mouth disease, fowl typhoid, African horse sickness, glanders, haemorrhagia septicaemia, malignant catarrh, mange (including scab), pox, rabies, swine erysipelas, swine fever, trypanosomiasis, tuberculosis, ulcerative lymphangitis, undulant fever in goats, cysticercosis, pseudo-urticaria of cattle (lumpy skin disease), African swine fever, brucellosis (contagious abortion), epidemic tremor, fowl cholera, infectious bovine cervico-vaginitis and epididymitis ("epivag"), Newcastle disease, psittacosis, trichomoniasis, vibriosis, anaplasmosis (gall sickness), piroplasmosis (tick fever, redwater, babesiosis), and any other contagious or infectious disease of animals that the Minister may, by order, declare to be included in this definition;
"disposal" includes destruction;
"dog" includes any animal of the canine species;
"fodder" means hay, grain or other substance commonly used for the food of animals;
"infected area" means an area declared as such under the provisions of section 21;
"Inspector" means a Veterinary Officer, a Veterinary Research Officer, an Assistant Livestock Officer, a Stock Inspector, a Veterinary Assistant, a Veterinary Guard and any person appointed to be an Inspector in accordance with section 4;
"litter" means straw or other substance commonly used for bedding or otherwise for or about animals;
"Local Authority" has the meaning ascribed in the Local Government (Urban Authorities) Act *;
"milk" means milk or any milk product which has not been subjected to any process of sterilisation;
"Minister" means the Minister responsible for livestock;
"owner" as applied to animals, includes any person having any right, title or interest in an animal or having an animal in his possession, custody or control;
"rabies area" means any area which has been declared by a Veterinary officer under the provisions of section 21 to be an infected area by reason of his being satisfied that rabies exists therein or is likely to spread thereto;
"stock" means cattle, sheep, goats, horses, mules, donkey, swine and poultry;
"stray" in relation to a dog or cat means any dog or cat which has no owner;
"Veterinary Assistant" means a person appointed by the Director;
"Veterinary Guard" means a person so appointed by the Director;
"Veterinary Officer" means a person appointed by the Minister to be a government veterinary officer or to exercise the powers of a veterinary officer.
The Minister may, by order, remove from the definition of "disease" contained in section 2 the name of any disease appearing therein.
The Minister may appoint fit and proper persons, with or without remuneration, to exercise all or any of the powers, or perform all or any of the duties, of an Inspector and every such appointment shall be notified in the Gazette.
MEASURES FOR CHECKING DISEASE (ss 5-11)
The owner of any animal affected or suspected of being affected with disease shall keep such animal separate from animals not so affected or suspected.
(1) If any animal is affected or suspected of being affected or dies of a notifiable disease or from any cause, other than disease, which is not obviously apparent, the owner of the animal shall, as soon as reasonably possible, report the death to the nearest local authority, Administrative Officer, Veterinary officer or other Inspector.
(2) The burden of proof that an animal did not die of a notifiable disease or that the cause of death was obviously apparent shall be on the person alleging the same.
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